Rectal Prolapse

Rectal Prolapse
Created by host on 8/15/2015 5:13:53 AM

About Rectal Prolapse



 Rectal Prolapse image    Rectal Prolapse - Colon,Rectum Diseases                                     


 

 ? What is RectalProlapse

Rectal prolapse is a condition inwhich the rectum (the lower end of the colon, located just above the anus)turns itself inside out. In the earliest phases of this condition, the rectumdoes not stick out of the body, but as the condition worsens, it may protrude.Weakness of the anal sphincter muscle is often associated with rectal prolapseat this stage and may result in leakage of stool or mucus. The condition occursin both sexes, although it is more common in women than men.

 ?Why does it occur

Several factors may contribute tothe development of rectal prolapse. It may come from a lifelong habit ofstraining to have bowel movement or as a delayed result of stresses involved inchildbirth. In rare cases, there may be a genetic predisposition in somefamilies. It seems to be a part of the aging process in many patients whoexperience weakening of the ligaments that support the rectum inside the pelvisas well as loss of tightness of the anal sphincter muscle. In some cases,neurological problems, such as spinal cord transaction or spinal cord disease,can lead to prolapse. In most cases, however, no signal cause can beidentified.

 ? Is RectalProlapse the same as hemorrhoids

Some of the symptoms may be thesame. There may be bleeding and/or tissue that protrude from the rectum. Rectalprolapse, however, involves a segment of the bowel located higher up within thebody, while hemorrhoids develop near the anal opening.

?How is Rectal Prolapsediagnosed

Your physician can diagnose thiscondition by taking a careful history and performing a complete anorectalexamination. To demonstrate the prolapse, patients may be asked to"strain" as if having a bowel movement or to sit on the commode and"strain" prior to examination.

At times, however, a rectal prolapsemay be "hidden" or interval. In this situation, an X-ray examinationcalled a videodefecogram may be helpful. This examination, which takes X-raypictures while the patient is having a bowel movement, can also assist thephysician in determining whether surgery may be beneficial and which operationmay be appropriate.

Anorectal manometry may also beused. This test measures whether or not the muscles around the rectum arefunctioning normally.

  ?How is Rectal Prolapse treated

Although constipation and strainingmay be causes of rectal prolapse, simply correcting these problems may notimprove the prolapse once it has developed. There are many different ways tosurgically correct rectal prolapse.

Abdominal or rectal surgery may besuggested. Your doctor can help you decide which method will most likelyachieve the best result by taking into account many factors, such as age,physical condition, extent of prolapse and the results of various tests.

  : Treatment of rectal prolapse depends on several factors

  •     Patient's age
  •     Physical condition
  •     Extent of prolapse
  •     Test results

  ?How successfulis treatment

Success depends on a number offactors, including the status of a Patient's anal sphincter muscle before surgery,whether the prolape is internal or external, the overall condition of thepatient and surgical method used. If the anal muscle has been weakened, eitherbecause of the rectal prolapse or for some other reason, it may in many casessignificantly regain strength after the rectal prolapse has been corrected.

Chronic constipation and strainingafter surgical correction must be avoided. A great majority of patients arecompletely relieved of symptoms, or are significantly helped, by theappropriate procedure.

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