Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer
Created by host on 8/15/2015 5:16:27 AM

 

Colorectal Cancer

 

Colon Cancer (tumor)      colorectal cancer ( tumor )               

 

                                     

COLORECTAL CANCER

Colorectal cancer is the second mostcommon cancer is the United States, striking 140,000 people annually … andcausing 60,000 deaths. That's a staggering figure when you consider the diseaseis potentially curable if diagnosed in the early stages.

?WHO IS AT RISK

Though colorectal cancer may occurat any age, more than 90% of the patients are over age 40, at which point therisk doubles every ten years. In addition to age, other high risk factorsinclude a FAMILY history of colorectal cancer and polyps and a PERSONAL historyof ulcerative colitis, colon polyps or cancer of other organs, especially ofthe breast or uterus.

?HOW DOES IT START

It is generally agreed that nearlyall colon and rectal cancer begins in benign polps.These pre-malignant growthsoccur on the bowel wall and may eventually increase in size and become cancer.Removal of benign polyps is one aspect of preventive medicine that reallyworks!

?WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS

The most common symptoms are rectalbleeding and changes in bowel habits, such as constipation or diarrhea. (Thesesymptoms are also common in other diseases so it is important you receive athorough examination should you experience them.) Abdominal pain and weightloss are usually late symptoms indicating possible extensive disease.

Unfortunately, many polyps and earlycancers fail to produce symptoms. Therefore, it is important that your routinephysical includes colorectal cancer detection procedures once you reach age 40.Those detection methods are a digital rectal exam and a chemical test of stoolfor blood. A Sigmoidoscopy - the inspection of the lower bowel with a lighted tubularinstrument - should be part of routine physical check-ups.

?HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER TREATED

Colorectal cancer requires surgeryin nearly all cases for complete cure. Radiation and chemotherapy are sometimesused in addition to surgery. Between 80% to 90% are restored to normal healthif the cancer is detected and treated in the earliest stages. The cure ratedrops to 50% or less when diagnosed in the later stages. Thanks to moderntechnology, less than 5% of all colorectal cancer patients require a colostomy,the surgical construction or an artificial excretory opening from the colon

?CAN COLON CANCER BE PREVENTED

There are steps that reduce the riskof contracting the disease. One way is having benign polyps removed by anoutpatient procedure called colonoscopy. In addition to removing the polyps,the long flexible tubular instrument used in the procedure provides a morethorough bowel examination.

Though not definitely proven, thereis some evidence that diet may play significant role in preventing colorectalcancer. As far as we know, a high fiber, low fat diet is the only dietarymeasure that might help prevent colorectal cancer.

Finally, you must be aware ofchanges in your bowel habits and make sure bowel examinations are included inroutine physicals once you fall under the “high risk” category.

  ?CAN HEMORRHOIDS LEAD TO COLON CANCER

No, but hemorrhoids may producesymptoms similar to colon polyps or cancer.Should you experience thesesymptoms, you should have them examined and evaluated by a physician,preferably by a colon and rectal surgeon.

 

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